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Political Shift on Privacy vs Security 11/28 08:32

   The Paris attacks have renewed debate on the U.S. government's post-Sept. 11 
domestic surveillance laws, leading to efforts to revive the issue on Capitol 
Hill and handing Marco Rubio an opening against Ted Cruz in the Republican 
presidential race.

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Paris attacks have renewed debate on the U.S. 
government's post-Sept. 11 domestic surveillance laws, leading to efforts to 
revive the issue on Capitol Hill and handing Marco Rubio an opening against Ted 
Cruz in the Republican presidential race.

   The two senators were on opposite sides earlier this year when Congress 
eliminated the National Security Agency's bulk phone-records collection program 
and replaced it with a more restrictive measure to keep the records in phone 
companies' hands.

   Rubio, R-Fla., sided with top Republican senators in trying unsuccessfully 
to extend the existing program, saying that national security required it. 
Cruz, R-Texas, allied himself with Democrats and the few other Republicans who 
said the program amounted to intrusive government overreach with no security 
benefit and voted to remake it.

   Now, with polls showing the public is growing more concerned with security 
after the Paris attacks this month that killed 130 people, Rubio is backing 
long-shot legislation aimed at keeping the intended changes from taking effect 
at month's end, as scheduled. He also is needling Cruz, who is responding just 
as adamantly, as the two, rising in the presidential polls, escalate their 
direct confrontations.

   "This is not a personal attack. It's a policy difference," Rubio said 
recently in an interview in Des Moines, Iowa. He said Cruz had joined with 
Senate liberals and the ACLU "to undermine the intelligence programs of this 

   "They do so under the guise of protecting our liberties," Rubio said. "But 
in fact you can protect our liberties without undermining those programs."

   Cruz, in an interview, disputed Rubio's criticism.

   "I disagree with some Washington Republicans who think we should disregard 
and discard the constitutional protections of American citizens," he said. "We 
can keep this nation safe without acquiescing to Big Brother having information 
about every aspect of our lives."

   The back-and-forth comes at a moment when Rubio and Cruz are nearing the top 
of the Republican field nationally and in key early voting states, though 
Donald Trump remains the front-runner. At the same time, a Washington Post poll 
conducted after the Paris attacks showed a jump in the percentage of voters 
favoring investigating terrorist threats over protecting personal privacy: 72 
percent said the government should investigate threats even at the cost of 
personal privacy, and 25 percent said the government shouldn't intrude on 
personal privacy, even if that limits its investigatory abilities.

   Speculation about how the suspects in the Paris attacks communicated is also 
raising calls for Congress to take new steps on surveillance and ensure 
government access to encrypted networks. It adds up to an atmosphere in which 
some of those on the losing end of the congressional debate this year now feel 
they have the upper hand.

   "It's just astonishing to me how those advocates of ridding us of any 
government involvement in our lives have now become strangely quiet," said Sen. 
John McCain, R-Ariz. "Of course they've been proven wrong."

   The Senate agreed to the USA Freedom Act this year only after GOP Sen. Rand 
Paul of Kentucky, who's also running for president but lags in polls, used 
Senate rules to force the most controversial aspect to expire briefly, in a 
showdown with the Senate leaders.

   The Freedom Act remade that element of the Patriot Act --- the bulk 
collection program, exposed by Edward Snowden, that allows the NSA to sweep up 
Americans' phone records and comb through them for ties to international 
terrorists. On Sunday, the NSA loses the power to collect and store those 
records. The government still could gain court orders to obtain data connected 
to specific numbers from the phone companies.

   Following the Paris attacks, GOP Sen. Tom Cotton of Arkansas introduced a 
bill to delay the start date for the new phone records program until 2017 or 
until the president can certify that the new NSA collection system is as 
effective as the current one.

   Rubio and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., are among the 
co-sponsors of Cotton's bill. Yet with Congress on recess, it won't get floor 
time ahead of the deadline, and Congress has few legislative days left this 
year. Aides say Cotton will keep focused on the issue next year.

   Some lawmakers and advocates who strongly opposed the expiring Patriot Act 
provisions as an unwarranted government intrusion now accuse senators on 
Rubio's side of trying to capitalize on the Paris tragedy to reopen the debate.

   "Within six weeks of 9/11 they passed the Patriot Act," said Rep. Thomas 
Massie, R-Ky. "And it's only natural they would try to do the same thing this 


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