Congress Look to Update Education Law 07/07 06:15
Members of CongressIt's something most Democrats and Republicans in Congress
can agree on -- an update to the Bush-era No Child Left Behind education law is
much needed and long overdue.
WASHINGTON (AP) -- It's something most Democrats and Republicans in Congress
can agree on --- an update to the Bush-era No Child Left Behind education law
is much needed and long overdue.
This week, the Senate and House take up rewrites of the 2002 law, with
lawmakers seeking to finally resolve a key question they have struggled with
for years: how much of a role should the federal government have in ensuring a
quality education and boosting achievement for children, poor and affluent
alike. Getting enough support to send a bill to President Barack Obama that
he'll sign also may be no easy task.
Even before the floor debate began in the Senate, the White House weighed in
late Monday --- saying the Obama administration can't support either the
Republican-drafted bill in the House or the bipartisan measure in the Senate.
The Senate was scheduled to take up its version Tuesday, the House on Wednesday.
The Senate bill is sponsored by Lamar Alexander of Tennessee, the Republican
chairman of the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions, and
the panel's senior Democrat, Washington's Patty Murray. It passed the committee
unanimously in April. No small feat, agree Alexander, a former U.S. education
secretary, and Murray, a former preschool teacher --- who had to win over
conservatives on the panel like GOP Sen. Rand Paul of Kentucky as well as more
liberal members, such as Massachusetts Democrat Sen. Elizabeth Warren.
The measure would keep the reading and math tests mandated in No Child Left
Behind --- but in a significant move, shift to the states, and away from
Washington, decisions about how to use those tests to measure school and
teacher performance. It also would expressly prohibit the federal government
from requiring or encouraging any specific set of academic standards. That's a
reference to the Common Core standards, which were drafted by the states with
the support of the administration but have become a rallying point for those
who want to see a reduced federal role in education.
"I have always wanted us to have high national goals and high standards,"
Alexander said in an interview. "But in our country, I believe you have to do
that state by state, and community by community ... you just can't impose it
from Washington D.C. You might get short-term results, but you're going to get
a long-term backlash."
Murray, ahead of the Senate debate, said the bipartisan bill is an attempt
to fix a law that isn't working. "I'm looking forward to working to improve and
strengthen this bill throughout the process and I will be focused on ensuring
all kids, especially traditionally underserved students, can learn, grow, and
thrive in the classroom," she said.
Republicans are expected to press for more flexibility for the states.
The Obama administration said Monday that both the House and Senate bills
lack the strong accountability provisions that it is seeking.
"The Senate bill is missing key pieces and we cannot support it as it
currently stands," Education Secretary Arne Duncan told reporters. As for the
House bill, he said the legislation was "a major step backwards for our nation
and its children" and appealed to Republicans to strike a more bipartisan chord.
Emphasizing the need for Congress to come up with a bill acceptable to the
White House, Duncan and Cecilia Munoz, director of the White House Domestic
Policy Council, released a report citing sizable achievement gaps between
students in the lowest-performing 5 percent of schools and those in all other
schools --- a 31-percentage point gap in reading and 36-percentage point gap in
Munoz said any education bill must deal not only with identifying those
struggling schools but also require that states and schools have a plan to
close the gap.
The House bill is sponsored by Rep. John Kline, a Minnesota Republican who
chairs the House Education and the Workforce Committee. The legislation gives
the states more control over accountability and includes a school choice
provision that would allow public money to follow low-income children to
different public schools --- something Democrats don't support.
The House abruptly canceled a vote on the Kline bill in February when it
became clear that it didn't have enough support from conservatives to pass. The
White House has said Obama would veto it.
Seeking to close significant gaps in the achievement of poor and minority
students and their more affluent peers, No Child Left Behind mandated annual
testing in reading and math for students in grades three to eight and again in
high school. Schools had to show student growth or face consequences. But
critics complained the law was rigid, overly ambitious and punitive, and there
was too much testing.
Anticipating that No Child's goal that all students should be able to read
and do math at grade level by 2014 could not be met, the Obama administration
has been granting states waivers around some of the law's more stringent
requirements. In return, schools agreed to certain conditions, like using
college- and career-ready standards such as Common Core. The administration has
granted waivers to 42 states, Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia.